The Pantheon – What you need to know
The Pantheon stands in Piazza della Rotonda and was once a temple dedicated to various divinities. Originally constructed by Marcus Agrippa, it was then rebuilt by Emperor Hadrian and took on the form we can still admire to this day.
Emperor Phocas then gave the temple of Pope Boniface IV, who converted it into a church and restoration work has allowed it to be preserved. The huge cupola, 43 metres high, was a true feat of Roman architecture. It was made with materials heavier at the base and lighter at the top, to prevent the weight of the cupola from making it collapse.
Fine polychrome marble inside and granite columns more than 14 metres tall add to the imposing and sumptuous nature of this Roman monument which now also houses the tombs of the King of Italy and Raffaello.
The Pantheon at a Glance
When to visit: Year-round
Opening hours: Monday to Saturday: 9:00 to 19:30. Sundays from 9:00 to 18:00.
Directions: Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Roma,
Our Best Tips: If you are interested in Roman temple, Museums
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